Category Archives: Exodus

More specifics about the two sojourn hypothesis

Covid-19 isn’t the only thing you need to wear protective gear for. This summer has been largely taken away from me because I had a systemic reaction to poison oak. Even after the days of full body rash and itching, … Continue reading

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The story of the Exodus was not a fantasy of Persian-era writers

I have gotten past Easter, which had diverted my attention away from the Hebrew Bible. I have reread or skimmed several books about Paul. These books disagree. So I am in the beginning stages of putting together my own take … Continue reading

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Wilderness wandering and settlement of the land at the same time?

Graham Hagens has written the article “Exodus and Settlement: A Two Sojourn Hypothesis.” It is online here. Hagens has explored a solid possibility for the Exodus. He dates the Exodus to the junction of the 19th and 20th dynasties without … Continue reading

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The Timna mines and the Exodus

Timna is the name the Israelis have given to an archaeological site 15 to 20 miles from the north end of the Gulf of Aqaba. It was a place where copper was mined and smelted. Its Egyptian name was probably … Continue reading

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Articles about a 12th century Exodus

I have been reading several articles that relate to a possible new way to see the Exodus event. I use the term, Exodus event, to specify the particular event that involved Moses and was connected to the settlement of Israel. … Continue reading

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Israel Knohl and historical imagination

I like Israel Knohl very much. This scholar is an observant Jew. Yet, in The Divine Symphony and elsewhere, he recognizes that the Bible contains many diverse sources and forms of literature that do not usually give us face-value historical … Continue reading

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An Exodus of children?

If you search online about ancient Egyptian slavery you will find that there is a lot of deconstruction. The idea that slaves built the pyramids is wrong.  Slavery became more of a thing much later, in the New Kingdom, usually … Continue reading

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The Firstborn and the Levites

There is a requirement in both Exodus 22:29-30 and Exodus 34:19-20 that people give their first-born sons to God. In both cases the offering of human sons is parallel to the offering of livestock in blood sacrifice. In the Exodus … Continue reading

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Gnuse-invention or tradition?

The basic claim of Robert Karl Gnuse in The Elohist is that the presumed source document of the Torah called the Elohist or E was composed in the 7th century to meet a specific need. That need was the loss … Continue reading

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Hoffmeier-what Moses might have said

In this post and the next one I will evaluate some historical conclusions of Hoffmeier and Gnuse. Hoffmeier, in Ancient Israel in Sinai, defends the idea that Moses wrote most of the Pentateuch.  So there was no Yahwist or Elohist, … Continue reading

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