Category Archives: Exodus

The Firstborn and the Levites

There is a requirement in both Exodus 22:29-30 and Exodus 34:19-20 that people give their first-born sons to God. In both cases the offering of human sons is parallel to the offering of livestock in blood sacrifice. In the Exodus … Continue reading

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Gnuse-invention or tradition?

The basic claim of Robert Karl Gnuse in The Elohist is that the presumed source document of the Torah called the Elohist or E was composed in the 7th century to meet a specific need. That need was the loss … Continue reading

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Hoffmeier-what Moses might have said

In this post and the next one I will evaluate some historical conclusions of Hoffmeier and Gnuse. Hoffmeier, in Ancient Israel in Sinai, defends the idea that Moses wrote most of the Pentateuch.  So there was no Yahwist or Elohist, … Continue reading

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Gnuse and Hoffmeier-the mystery mountain

Both Robert Karl Gnuse and James Hoffmeier deal with the question of the location of Sinai/Horeb.  Gnuse, in The Elohist,  says that in E the operative phrase is the “mountain of God.”  Horeb, he thinks, has become attached to this … Continue reading

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Hoffmeier-geography and reality

One difference between James K. Hoffmeier in Ancient Israel in Sinai and scholars with a minimalist tendency concerns the names of places in the Pentateuch. Minimalists explain the place names in Numbers 33 and elsewhere as reflecting the 6th century … Continue reading

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Gnuse and Hoffmeier-the Elohist and the Wilderness

Okay, I have gotten Holy Week behind me. I have watched my men’s basketball bracket get destroyed. I have done my taxes. And—oh, yeah—I have become a grandfather again.. So the deck is cleared to do some blogging, except that … Continue reading

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Friedman-the exodus of priests

Having read Richard Elliott Friedman’s The Exodus: How it Happened and Why it Matters, I am both appreciative and disappointed. I appreciate his argument that the exodus event does not depend on huge numbers of people leaving Egypt.  His theory … Continue reading

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