Monthly Archives: May 2020

Exodus, confusion, and collapse

Putting a primary exodus event at the end of Egypt’s 19th dynasty or the beginning of the 20th is both a problem and a possibility. It is a problem because we know so little about the state of affairs in … Continue reading

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Add Bietak to the list

This is a brief update to my last post. I mentioned some scholars who support a 12th century, twentieth dynasty exodus event: Malamat, Lipovsky, and Knohl. I should add to those Manfred Bietak, the Austrian archaeologist who has done so … Continue reading

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Room for Israel-the breakdown of Hazor and Egypt

The late Bronze Age Collapse took place over a period of time both before and after the -1177 date that Eric Cline uses in his book title:  1177 B.C.: The Year Civilization Collapsed. (See my posts about Cline, beginning here.) … Continue reading

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A twelfth century exodus

The ancient Egyptians give us a primary example of how governments officially distort history. It still happens a lot, as with the Chinese Communist Party’s narrative about Covid-19. A practice in Egypt and other ancient societies was to try to … Continue reading

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The multiple pharaohs of the exodus

The Bible does not name a specific Pharaoh as king of Egypt at the time of the Exodus. In 1 Kings 14:25 the Pharaoh who attacked after Solomon died is specifically named. It was a Pharaoh called Shishak, which corresponds … Continue reading

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Some exodus background in geography and geopolitics

The time around -1200 is the focus of my understanding for an exodus event and the beginning of the settlement of Israel. This was also a dividing point in history. It marked the end of the Bronze Age and the … Continue reading

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The story of the Exodus was not a fantasy of Persian-era writers

I have gotten past Easter, which had diverted my attention away from the Hebrew Bible. I have reread or skimmed several books about Paul. These books disagree. So I am in the beginning stages of putting together my own take … Continue reading

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