Monthly Archives: July 2018

Leuchter-chieftains and El worship

I decided to come back to something in Mark Leuchter’s approach to Israelite history that has become more important the further I get into The Levites and the Boundaries of Israelite Identity. The important idea is that before the monarchy … Continue reading

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Leuchter-rewriting myth as political protest

I continue to read through Mark Leuchter’s The Levites and the Boundaries of Israelite Identity. Leuchter sees the Exodus as a myth that has its only historical roots in the settlement of the central highlands, which freed Israel from Egyptian … Continue reading

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Leuchter-Jeroboam’s turn to the occult

The Hebrew word elohim means God most of the time in the Bible. It is plural but in some way the plural refers to the limitless nature of God. The Hebrew word for water is plural too—waters. The vastness of … Continue reading

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Leuchter-Mushites, Levites and Solomon

I am processing much material from my reading of Mark Leuchter’s The Levites and the Boundaries of Israelite Identity. Understanding his position requires adjusting some assumptions. The Bible itself claims that Levites descended from one person, Levi son of Isaac. … Continue reading

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Leuchter-reimagining the Sea and Moses

I have often given reasons on this blog about why the exodus from Egypt happened. Bible writers embellished the story and there are accounts that do not entirely jibe. But there were Semitic laborers exploited by the Egyptians and there were exodus-like … Continue reading

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Leuchter-a new take on the Merneptah stele

Finally, I have been able to begin to read Mark Leuchter’s The Levites and the Boundaries of Israelite Identity. My readers may have noticed that I have had a focus on the Israelite priesthood in my reading and posting for … Continue reading

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Where they made mummies

Just this week news broke of the discovery of an Egyptian mummification chamber with artifacts, including a very rare silver death mask. Fascinatingly, Genesis portrays the patriarch, Jacob, as having undergone Egyptian mummification (Genesis 50:1-3). Many news outlets have reported this … Continue reading

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Jacob’s dream at Bethel

Here is the situation I am in right now. A couple weeks ago I filled in for a pastor who was ill. In the meantime that pastor has very unexpectedly died. So now I am asked to preach again and … Continue reading

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The Firstborn and the Levites

There is a requirement in both Exodus 22:29-30 and Exodus 34:19-20 that people give their first-born sons to God. In both cases the offering of human sons is parallel to the offering of livestock in blood sacrifice. In the Exodus … Continue reading

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The oldest worship service?

Deuteronomy 26:1-11 gives us a piece of very ancient Israelite worship language. It calls for a simple ceremony. An Israelite farmer must take some of the first fruits of the crop, put them in a basket, carry them to the … Continue reading

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