Ephesians 4:17-19 is further problem for me with Douglas Campbell’s claim that Romans 1:18-32 is a parody that represents the views of an opponent and not Paul:
17 So I say this, and insist in the Lord, that you no longer live as the Gentiles do, in the futility of their thinking. 18 They are darkened in their understanding, being alienated from the life of God because of the ignorance that is in them due to the hardness of their hearts. 19 Because they are callous, they have given themselves over to indecency for the practice of every kind of impurity with greediness (NET Bible).
It looks to me like this passage directly depends on Romans 1:21:
For although they knew God, they did not glorify him as God or give him thanks, but they became futile in their thoughts and their senseless hearts were darkened (Net Bible).
Therefore God gave them over in the desires of their hearts to impurity, to dishonor their bodies among themselves.
Ephesians seems to get its ideas and even its wording from Romans. But this is a passage in Romans that Campbell says represents the position of someone other than Paul. And Campbell thinks that Paul wrote Ephesians. I am agnostic about it. Paul could have written Ephesians years later than Romans when his theology had developed a lot. Or it could be someone else developing Paul’s thought.
Either way, the author of Ephesians seems to approve and adapt the language and thought of Romans 1.